You Ll Be Perfect When You Re Dead Interview with Elle Newmark, author of "Bones of the Dead"

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Interview with Elle Newmark, author of "Bones of the Dead"

Elle Newmark ndi wolemba wopambana mphoto yemwe mabuku ake amalimbikitsidwa ndi maulendo ake; adafufuza misewu yakumbuyo ku Venice kuti aphike buku lake lokoma, “Mafupa a Akufa.” Elle adayendanso m’nkhalango za ku Costa Rica kuti alembe “The Cloud Forest,” ndipo adayendera India pagalimoto ndi njovu kuti alembe “Mphepo ya Mdyerekezi.” Mabuku onse awiri atsopano adzatuluka posachedwa, koma lero ali pano kuti akambirane za “Mafupa a Akufa.”

Tyler: Takulandirani, Elle. Ndine wokondwa kuti mutha kundijowina lero. Choyamba, ndikumvetsa kuti “Mafupa a Akufa” ndi buku lomwe lili ndi chinsinsi pang’ono, lomwe linakhazikitsidwa ku Venice ya zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu. Kodi munayamba bwanji kuchita chidwi ndi Venice ya zaka za zana la khumi ndi zisanu, ndipo nchiyani chinakupangitsani kusankha kukhala malo a buku lanu?

Elle: Renaissance ndi nthawi yolemera kwambiri kuti wolemba alembe. Munthu akudzuka kuchokera ku luso lalitali laluntha, sayansi, humanism zonse zikuphulika nthawi imodzi-ndipo zambiri zikuchitika ku Italy, nyumba ya makolo anga. Kodi ndingakane bwanji?

Zoonadi, Venice ndi yapadera kwambiri. Mzinda wa nyumba zachifumu womangidwa pamadzi ndi malingaliro onyansa, komabe ndi momwemo. Ndizodabwitsa-zowonera, zomanga, mbiri-yodabwitsa! Ndinakhala ku Ulaya kwa zaka zisanu ndi ziwiri ndipo ndayenda pafupifupi kontinenti iliyonse, koma sindinawonepo malo aliwonse ngati Venice.

Kugwira mawu wolemba wanga: “Venice nthawi zonse yakhala malo abwino kwambiri opangira zinsinsi, zokopa ndi malingaliro odekha a ndakatulo. Wodetsedwa ndi kusayeruzika, Venice imayitanitsa kudzipereka kwamakhalidwe, osati ndi diso loseketsa, koma ndikumvetsetsa kuti ali, ndipo nthawi zonse. wakhala, waulesi pansi pa maonekedwe ake achifumu.” Ndizo zabwino kwa “Mafupa a Akufa.”

Tyler: Munthu wamkulu, Luciano, amaphunzitsidwa ndi ophika a galu, ndipo onse amakhala nawo paulendo wowopsa. Kodi mungafotokoze bwanji ubale wawo?

Elle: Mwakusuntha kwa Dickensian, wophikayo adachotsa mwana wamasiye Luciano mumsewu woyipa ndikumutengera kukhitchini yanyumba yachifumu. Luciano amayamikira, ngakhale kuti wophikayo ali ndi zolinga zolakwika; ali ndi chikhumbo cha nthawi yayitali kwa mwana wamwamuna ndipo amafunikira wolowa m’malo mwa cholowa chachinsinsi. Wophikayo ndi munthu wodabwitsa yemwe cholinga chake chenicheni chimawululidwa pang’onopang’ono.

Koma chef ndi Luciano amayamba kukondana monga bambo ndi mwana. Wophika amakhala mlangizi wa Luciano, womuteteza, ndi mphunzitsi wake – abambo ake m’njira yowona.

Tyler: M’buku lanu mumagwiritsa ntchito chakudya ngati fanizo kupititsa patsogolo chiwembucho. Mumati, “Chiwembu chikuchulukirachulukira ndipo ziwembu zimakhuthala ngati mphodza pomwe wophika wosamvetsetseka amagwiritsa ntchito ma soufflé ophiphiritsa ndi masukisi osamvetsetseka kuti atsogolere Luciano kudutsa misewu yowopsa koma yokoma.” Chifukwa chiyani mwasankha kugwiritsa ntchito chakudya monga fanizo?

Elle: Bambo anga ndi katswiri wophika, ndiye ndikuganiza kuti chakudya monga fanizo chinali chosapeŵeka. Ndinakulira m’banja la ku Italy, ndipo chakudya chinali ndi mbali yaikulu, osati pazochitika zapadera zokha komanso tsiku lililonse. Ntchito yanga yoyamba, ndili ndi zaka khumi, inali yophikira ravioli wodzipangira tokha patebulo lalitali lophimbidwa ndi pasitala m’chipinda chathu chapansi. Inde, ndinaphunzira kuphika, ndipo nthawi zambiri ndimaganiza kuti kuphika chakudya kumakhala kophiphiritsira. Komanso, ndimangokonda lingaliro la mbiri yakale yophikira.

Timalankhula choncho nthawi zonse, si choncho? “Zosiyanasiyana ndizonunkhira zamoyo,” “Ndi zomwe mumadya,” “Zouma ngati tositi,” “Mchere wapadziko lapansi,” “Mapichesi ndi khungu la kirimu,” “Anaphika mu timadziti ake.” Chakudya chimakhudza mphamvu zathu zonse. Aliyense amakonda chiponde chokhutiritsa cha mtedza, fungo la narcotic la mkate watsopano, kuwona yamatcheri akucha, phokoso la nyama yankhumba yonyezimira. Chakudya chimasokoneza malingaliro. Munthu amadabwa ngati timadya chakudya kapena chimatidya.

Ponena za mafanizo, kodi pangakhale fanizo labwino kwambiri la kusakhazikika kwa moyo kuposa soufflé? Chabwino, mwina duwa, koma ndi cliché. Soufflé imamasula, imakhala yokongola, kenako yapita. Mwina munalipo kuti muyamikire kapena munaphonya. Uthenga wauzimu wa wophikayo ndi “Khala pano tsopano.” Ndine wachibuda, ndiye ndikuganiza wolemba wachibuda akakula ndi wophika mumapeza ma soufflé m’malo mwa maluwa.

Tyler: Ndikumvetsetsa kuti chiwembuchi chikukhudzana ndi Luciano kuphunzira kuti amuna amphamvu akukonza chiwembu chovumbulutsa buku lakale lomwe limamveka kuti lili ndi mipatuko, mankhwala achikondi, alchemy, ngakhale chinsinsi cha moyo wosafa. Munalitenga kuti lingaliro la bukhuli?

Elle: Mabuku anali ofunikira kwambiri panthawi ya Renaissance – makina osindikizira anali atsopano ndipo kunali chiyambi cha umunthu. Mpaka nthawi imeneyo, dongosolo la mphamvu ku Ulaya linasungabe ulamuliro wachitsulo wa anthu pochepetsa kuyenda kwa chidziwitso. Pamene mabuku ankapereka malingaliro atsopano openga (monga dziko lapansi lozungulira dzuwa) panali vuto. Mabuku ankayang’aniridwa nthawi zonse kuti apeze nkhani zosokoneza.

Komabe, palibe zolepheretsa nzeru zaumunthu. Anthu amapeza njira zanzeru zotetezera malingaliro awo, monga ngati mipukutu yoikidwa m’mitsuko n’kuibisa m’mapanga pafupi ndi Nyanja Yakufa. Wophikayo adabisa malingaliro ake osokoneza powonekera – adawalemba m’maphikidwe. Mwanjira ina, mawu olembedwa amasungidwa kuti aunikire zakale ndikuwonetsa njira yopita patsogolo.

Mu “Mafupa a Akufa,” ndi za buku lomwe lili ndi zinsinsi zoletsedwa. Chikhalidwe chaumunthu kukhala chomwe chiri, aliyense amaganiza kuti bukuli lili ndi zomwe akufuna kwambiri. Luciano akufuna mankhwala achikondi, galu wokalamba sakufuna kufa, wina akufuna golide, wina amafuna mphamvu. Palibe amene akudziwa zomwe zili m’bukuli, koma onse amadziwa zomwe akufuna kuti likhale.

Tyler: Kusafa ndi alchemy zawoneka ngati maloto kapena zolinga m’nthano. Kodi n’chiyani chimakuchititsani chidwi?

Elle: Ndimawapeza osangalatsa pazifukwa zomwe aliyense amachitira. Kusakhoza kufa kumachititsa chidwi chifukwa palibe amene amafuna kufa. Timayesa kudzipusitsa kuganiza kuti sitikalamba – timadaya imvi m’tsitsi lathu ndipo timawononga mabiliyoni ambiri pogula makwinya, zakudya zoyenera, ndi maopaleshoni odzikongoletsa chifukwa timakonda kukongola kwachinyamata. Kukalamba si kozizira chifukwa kumapha imfa.

Ngakhale zili choncho, timafa, koma timapeza moyo wosafa ndi zomwe timasiya. Kaya tikufuna kapena ayi, tonse timasiya chinachake, ngakhale ndi kachidutswa kakang’ono ka DNA. Ambiri aife timayesetsa kusiya zinthu zatanthauzo – zaluso, luso, malingaliro, zikhalidwe. Ndikukhulupirira kuti timapeza moyo wosafa popereka zinthu izi ku m’badwo wotsatira. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndinapereka bukuli kwa aphunzitsi.

O, ndi alchemy, inde, ndizokonda zakale chifukwa zimalankhula ndi china chake chokhazikika mu psyche yaumunthu. Alchemy ndi za umbombo ndi kufuna kukhulupirira zamatsenga. Anthu akapanda kuganiza zolemera msanga, lotaleyo ikanasokonekera. Nthawi yapitayi ndinayang’ana kuti ikuchita bwino modabwitsa.

Tyler: Chifukwa chiyani mwasankha “Mafupa a Akufa” pamutuwu?

Elle: Mutuwu umagwira ntchito pamagulu angapo. Choyamba pali chochitika chomwe galu ndi wopenda nyenyezi wa papa amadya makeke a ku Italy otchedwa mafupa a akufa. Pamene otchulidwawo akudya mafupa a akufa, amalankhula za chinyengo cha kugonjetsa imfa, ndipo izi zimabweretsa mutu wa kusafa.

Chachiwiri, matchalitchi onse ku Ulaya ali ndi manda ndi mafupa a oyera mtima osungidwa ngati zinthu zakale. Wophikayo akuwonetsa kuti iwo ndi mafupa okha, zizindikiro zokha za zolowa zenizeni-miyoyo imakhala ndi kulimba mtima ndi nzeru, zomwe akufuna kuphunzitsa Luciano.

Chachitatu, monga momwe wophikayo akuuzira Luciano, “Chitukuko chimamangidwa pa mafupa a akufa.” Aphunzitsi a kufotokoza kulikonse amapatsira chidziwitso kuchokera ku mbadwo wina kupita ku wina, motero anthu amapita patsogolo. Ndicho chifukwa chake ndinasankha mawu ochokera kwa Sir Isaac Newton kwa epigraph yanga: “Ngati ndawona kutali kuposa amuna ena, ndichifukwa chakuti ndaima pamapewa a zimphona.”

Tyler: Ndikumva kuti bukuli lili ndi ziwonetsero zandale zomwe zimakhudzana ndi Tchalitchi. Bukuli likuwoneka kuti lili ndi chiphunzitso cha chiwembu. Kodi mukuona kuti nkhani zimene zilimo zikugwirizana ndi mmene zinthu zilili padzikoli?

Elle: Buku lililonse loyenera mchere wake wopeka limalankhula ndi dziko lapansi momwe lilili pano, ndiye kuti, pamutu wapadziko lonse lapansi. M’zaka za m’ma Middle Ages, Tchalitchi chinali ndi mphamvu zandale ndipo apapa ankachitira chiwembu atsogoleri a mayiko. Panthawi ya Renaissance, oganiza mwaufulu anatsutsa dongosolo la mphamvu limenelo. Masiku ano, mwina sangakhale papa, koma tonse tikudziwa kuti mapangano ofika patali amapangidwa mseri. Ndale ndi ndale, kale ndi tsopano.

“Mafupa a Akufa” ali ndi uthenga wakuti sitiyenera kugonjetsedwa payekha ndi mikangano yamphamvu yophimbidwa pamwamba. Tikhoza kusankha kukhala mwaulemu ndi cholinga, mosasamala kanthu za ziwembu zimene anthu akukonza popanda zitseko zotsekeka.

Koma ngati, mwa chiphunzitso cha chiwembu, mukulozera ku ndime za Mauthenga Abwino a Gnostic ndi Yesu, chabwino, palibe chilichonse mubuku langa chomwe sichinanenepo kale. Si zatsopano; ndi zotsutsana basi.

Tyler: Ndi olemba kapena mabuku ati omwe munganene kuti adakukhudzani pazolemba zanu?

Elle: O, alipo ambiri. Zoyamba zoyambirira zinali awiri a Johns-Steinbeck ndi Updike. Steinbeck chifukwa cha umunthu wake, ndi Updike kwa miyoyo yomwe imaganiziridwa mpaka mwatsatanetsatane womaliza. Ndimakondanso amatsenga amatsenga-Gabriel Garcia Marquez ndi Isabelle Allende makamaka-chifukwa cha momwe amakhotekera zenizeni ndikunditengera kukwera. Ian McEwan amandidabwitsa ndi luso lake lowonetsera mbali yamdima ya chilengedwe chaumunthu mwanzeru komanso mwachifundo. Ann Patchett ali ndi kukhudza kofatsa; Rohintin Mistry amatipatsa kuyang’ana kosuntha ndi kosasunthika ku India; Toni Morrison mitundu kunja kwa mizere, koma mwanzeru; Tim O’Brien akuwonetsa nkhondo ndi kufunitsitsa kochititsa chidwi kwanga zowawa zake; Sebastian Faulks amandikokera kumadera akunja a nthawi ndi malingaliro; Kasuo Isaguro ndi katswiri …

Moona mtima, pali olemba abwino ambiri kunja uko omwe ndingathe kupitiriza mpaka kalekale. Ndikanakonda aliyense akanangopita ku laibulale, kupita ku malo ogulitsa mabuku, ndi kuyesa olemba atsopano. Yesani.

Tyler: Nanga bwanji kulemba zopeka zakale kumakusangalatsani, ndipo mumapeza chilichonse chovuta kapena chokhumudwitsa nacho?

Elle: Ndimakonda chilichonse chokhudza zopeka za mbiri yakale – kuziwerenga, kuzilemba, komanso kuzifufuza. Kodi ndingafunse zambiri kuposa mbiri ya anthu? Ndipo ndi paleti yolemera iti yomwe ndingagwiritse ntchito kuposa zojambula zamunthu? Wolemba mbiriyo amatengera zinthu zambiri zamakhalidwe a anthu, koma ndi phindu la kuyang’ana m’mbuyo.

Tyler: Kodi mungatiuzeko pang’ono za mabuku awiri otsatirawa omwe mukutuluka?

Elle: “The Cloud Forest” akufotokoza nkhani ya anthu amtundu wamba m’nkhalango ya Amazon ndi kuyesetsa kwawo kuthawa kulowerera kwa zaka za m’ma 1900. Kufufuza bukuli kunatenga nthawi yoposa chaka chimodzi, komanso ulendo wosaiwalika wodutsa m’nkhalango yamvula.

“Mphepo ya Mdierekezi” idakhazikitsidwa ku India, 1948, chaka cha Partition ndi Gandhi. Imeneyo ndi yokhudza mphamvu ya chikhululukiro, ndipo kufufuza kunanditengera ku India. Njovu ndizosavuta kukwera modabwitsa.

Tyler: Mwachiwonekere mumakonda kuyenda. Ndi chiyani chokhudza kuyenda chomwe chimakulimbikitsani kulemba kwanu?

Elle: Kusamuka kumapangitsa luso langa kukhala lapamwamba kwambiri. M’malo odziwika bwino ndi kosavuta kukhala ndi chizoloŵezi ndikuyenda modzidzimutsa. Koma pamene mukuyenda, chirichonse chiri chatsopano, simukudziwa zomwe ziri pafupi ndi ngodya yotsatira ndipo mumakhala maso mphindi iliyonse. Ndine wokonda kumverera kodziwikiratu.

Kukumana ndi dziko lapansi ndi anthu ake ndi ulendo wabwino komanso wodzichepetsa. Kulemba za izo ndi njira yomvetsetsa ndi kugawana.

Tyler: Mukukonzekera kupita kuti, ndipo mudzakhala mukufufuza buku lina?

Elle: Ndikufuna kubwerera ku Africa kuti ndikaone zambiri, ndipo ndani akudziwa, buku lingatulukemo. Koma pakali pano ndikuganiza kuti buku langa lotsatira likhoza kuchitika pa intaneti.

Ndimachita chidwi ndi kukumana kwamalingaliro komwe kumachitika pa intaneti. Masiku ano, ambiri aife timakhala ndi moyo wabwino kwambiri ndipo, chifukwa chake, dziko lathu lamkati likukulirakulira. Timacheza ndi anthu omwe sitikanakumana nawo m’moyo wathu watsiku ndi tsiku. Izi sizinachitikepo, ndipo ndili ndi chidwi ndi momwe zikutisinthira.

Tyler: Zikomo pobwera nane lero, Elle. Tisanapite, kodi mungauze owerenga athu komwe amapeza zambiri za “Mafupa a Akufa” ndi komwe angagule kope?

Elle: Ndi chisangalalo: Mutha kupita patsamba langa pa http://www.ellenewmark.com, kapena kuyitanitsa “Mafupa a Akufa” kuchokera ku Amazon.

Monga zikomo zanga zanga, ndikufuna kuyitanira aliyense kuphwando la Renaissance pa http://www.bonesofthedead.com pa November 27. Ngati muitanitsa Mafupa a Akufa tsiku limenelo, mungagwiritse ntchito nambala yanu yotsimikizira za Amazon monga mawu achinsinsi kuti alowe muphwando. Tidzakhala ndi nyimbo, ndikhala ndikugawira chakudya choganiza, ndipo ndikhala ndikupereka mitolo yotsitsa kwaulere ngati zokomera maphwando. Itanani aliyense.

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